A dental restoration is also called a filling. It is the repair of a damaged or decayed tooth, restoring it back to its normal shape, appearance and function.
It can prevent the loss of a tooth, since decay may spread and destroy the tooth. Restoration permits normal eating and chewing. Restored teeth will improve upon the appearance of teeth and the smile.
There are different types of dental restorations:
An amalgam is an alloy or combination of two or more metals. Amalgam fillings (silver fillings) are made up of mercury, powdered silver, copper and tin. They are mixed and packed into prepared areas of the tooth. Amalgam material hardens slowly, usually completely cured within 24 hours and are held in place by the shape of the prepared cavity.
Bonding Or Composite Restoration
Composite resin is a plastic, tooth-colored material that is used to filled prepared tooth cavities. The process of fusing the filling material to the tooth is called bonding. It is placed into the prepared cavity in layers until the tooth is restored to its original form. An ultraviolet light is used to harden it, and it can be chewed on immediately after it has been completed. This is an advantage it has over amalgam. It is used for repairing front and back teeth. Bonding is ideal for front teeth that need cosmetic dentistry.
Periodontal Scaling and Root Planing
Periodontal maintenance is perhaps most accurately described as ‘deep cleaning’ or ‘scaling and root planing’. Periodontal maintenance therapy is typically done on patients who have pockets deeper than those found in periodontally healthy adults. These patients need a deeper cleaning.
While most people know the importance of brushing, they often don’t understand how important flossing is. Brushing generally cannot reach between your teeth. Unfortunately, that is where most periodontal problems occur. Because of this, you must floss or use some other interdental cleaner to get to those hard to reach places. The dentist will recommend how often you’ll need maintenance appointments. They may be needed more frequently now than in the past.
With these procedures, patients occasionally have sensitive teeth afterward. This may happen when unwanted deposits are removed from root surfaces, sometimes making teeth sensitive to temperature changes, and even touch. In almost all cases, sensitivity of teeth is a temporary problem that will go away on its own. This sensitivity can make patients reluctant to brush and floss. Even though it is not easy, it is very important to keep brushing gently and flossing to remove the acid bacterial plaque.